MODIFICATION OF FUZZY LOGIC RULE BASE IN THE OPTIMIZATION OF TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM

P. Ayuba, Z. Babangida, L.P. Damuut

Abstract


Road intersections, bad roads, accidents, road construction works, emergencies, etc. are some of the primary causes of high traffic congestions in urban areas. In an attempt to solve some of these problems, traffic wardens and traffic light control systems are employed at road intersections to ensure that deadlocks are avoided. However, the use of traffic warden is associated with weariness which can lead to poor judgement in allocating the right of way to motorist. An alternative approach is to employ the use of Traffic light control system in the management of the increased traffic congestion that is always experience in urban areas. The use of dynamic phase scheduling traffic control system has proven more efficient as compared to the static phase scheduling traffic control system. In this paper, an attempt was made to improve upon an earlier optimized traffic light control system developed using simulation of urban mobility (SUMO) in conjunction with fuzzy inference system which played the role of optimizing the traffic light control system. The modified fuzzy rule based gave a superior average waiting time of 72.07% improvement as compared to an earlier average waiting time improvement of 65.35%. This is an indication that amongst other factors, the size of the fuzzy rule base plays a significant role when fuzzy logic is employed in the optimization of traffic light control systems.


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