Urinary Schistosomiasis Infection In Dumbin Dutse, Igabi Local Government Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
A study of urinary schistosomiasis was carried out in Dumbin Dutse with the aim of determining prevalence and intensity of the disease. Urine samples were collected from 657 consenting individuals in the population and the number of ova counted under the microscope. The overall prevalence was 25.11% with Dumbin Ladan having the highest (61.3%), while both Angwan Sarki and Angwan Majima the lowest with 0.6% respectively. The prevalence of the disease was significantly associated with two hamlets, Dumbin Ladan (OR=8.68; CI=5.63,13.4; P=0.00) and Angwan Kastinawa, (OR=5.95;CI=3.83,9.27; P=0.00) while all the other hamlets showed no association. Prevalence of the disease also showed a significant association with sex (OR=4.88; CI=3.21, 7.45; P=0.00), with males having a higher prevalence (37.61%) than females (12.11%). The prevalence (44.50%) was highest in 11-20 years age group while older individuals above 40 years had the lowest prevalence of 1.90%. The prevalence showed a negative correlation (r -0.81) with age suggesting decrease in prevalence with increase in age. With respect to distance of settlements from ponds, the prevalence of the infection was also negatively correlated (r = -0.87), Dumbin Ladan 1 which is closest to the ponds had the highest prevalence of 80.49%, while Angwan Majima which was furthest had the lowest prevalence of 0.60%. The study has revealed that urinary schistosomiasis in the area is hypoendemic, thus adequate treatment and provision of amenities in the community is required.