STRUCTURAL AND DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF Ba(Ti0.96Sn0.01Zr0.03)O3 PEROVSKITE NANOPARTICLES FABRICATED BY MECHANOCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS ROUTE

  • A. Muazu Department of Physics, Federal College of Education (T), Bichi, Kano State,
  • A.B. Suleiman Department of Physics, Federal University Dutse, Dutse, Jigawa State,
  • U. Ahmadu Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology, PM.B. 65, Minna,
  • I.A. Auwalu Department of Physics, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, Kano State,
  • T. Zangina Department of Physics, Federal University Dutse, Dutse, Jigawa State,
  • A. Nura Department of Physics, Federal College of Education (T), Bichi, Kano State,

Abstract

Lead free Nanocrystalline BaTiO3 doped with Sn and Zr is prepared by a combination of solid-state reaction and high energy ball milling (HBM) technique in a temperature range 30–150 °C, over a frequency range 40 Hz – 1 MHz. A single-phase nanocrystalline sample with ABO3 type of perovskite structure with cubic symmetry was confirms by XRD diffraction. The crystallite and grain size determined from Scherrer equation and intercept method are 38.2 nm and 46.13 nm respectively. FE-SEM images show samples are dense and have different microstructures with certain amount of porosity. A grain size of 46.13 nm is obtained by using linear intercept method. Room temperature (RT) variation of and tan   as a function of frequency of the modified BT system has also been studied. Variation of dielectric properties with frequency shows the usual behaviour of dielectric materials i.e decrease of the value of  with the increase of frequency. A dielectric anomalies is observed corresponding to phase transitions viz tetragonal to cubic  at 70oC. These effect can guide to design the nanostructure for various practical applications of MLCC.

Published
2019-06-02
Section
ARTICLES