INVESTIGATION OF LIVESTOCK FOR PRESENCE OF TRYPANOSOMA BRUCEI GAMBIENSE IN TAFA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

  • F.N.C. Enwezor Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • R. Emmanuel Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • T.O. Olanrewaju Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • J.E. Yarnap Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • R.L. Bizi Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • K. David African Animal Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • O.G.C. Ezebuiro Vector and Parasitology Studies Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • R.J. Yusuf Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • M.A. Kugama Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • S. Abubakar Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • K.Y. Jarmai Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • O.A. Abraham Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • M.A. Saidu Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • O.J. Onogwu Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • I.C. Asongo Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • C.D. Sarki Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • D. Abdullahi Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • I.B. Machina Biotechnology Unit, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • B. Ibrahim African Animal Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State
  • A.A. Tijjani Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • M.J. Salawu Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • H. Sabo Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,
  • H. Ibrahim Human African Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis (and Onchocerciasis) Research (NITR), No. 1 Surame Road, Ungwan Rimi GRA, Kaduna, Kaduna State,

Abstract

The study investigated the presence of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in livestock to ascertain their reservoir role and also screened for other pathogenic trypanosomes of animals in Tafa Local Government Area of Niger state, Nigeria. A total of 460 livestock comprising (cattle, sheep, goats, and dogs) selected at random were bled, examined using the buffy coat and Giemsa stained thin film and packed cell volume estimated.  Questionnaire was filled for each animal on demography, awareness and management practices.  An overall prevalence of 2.17% with Trypanosoma brucei, T. congolense, T. vivax and a mixed infection of T. brucei and T. congolense observed microscopically awaiting characterization. Interviews revealed high awareness (82.8%) of tsetse and trypanosomiasis described as bush disease and abortion in four cows. The PCV values were within the normal range, however, a significant decrease (P<0.05) was observed in sheep aged 7months to 4years in two communities. Therefore, the study indicated the presence of T. brucei and other trypanosomes suggesting that animal trypanosomiasis is still a problem to animal health and wellbeing in the study area. The study recommends effective integrated chemotherapy and vector control including livestock rearing under intensive management system to boost livestock production and productivity.

Published
2020-01-04
Section
ARTICLES