MODELING EXTREME RAINFALL IN KADUNA USING THE GENERALISED EXTREME VALUE DISTRIBUTION

  • B.S. Samuel Department of Mathematical Sciences, Kaduna State University, Kaduna,
  • N.S. Agog Department of Mathematical Sciences, Kaduna State University, Kaduna,
  • M. Peter Department of Mathematical Sciences, Kaduna State University, Kaduna,
  • M. Abdullateef Department of Mathematical Sciences, Kaduna State University, Kaduna,
  • A.G. Kwaghdoo Department of Mathematical Sciences, Kaduna State University, Kaduna,

Abstract

An important statistical distribution use in modeling such extreme events is the generalized extreme value distribution while the generalized Pareto distribution is suitable in modeling threshold excesses of extreme values. In this study, monthly rainfall data from the Nigeria Meteorological Agency in Kaduna are fitted to the generalized extreme value distribution and for a suitable threshold of 251mm, threshold excesses were fitted to the generalized Pareto distribution and a return level computed for 25, 50 and 100 years return period respectively. The threshold excesses follow the Weibull distribution and are bounded above implying that there is a finite value which the maximum above the threshold cannot exceed. For the 25, 50 and 100 years return period, a return level of 350mm, 390mm and 490mm with probability of exceedances of 0.04, 0.02 and 0.01 respectively were observed. The result further show that with the increasing level of rainfall as return period increases, there is a high likelihood of monthly maximum rainfall increasing steadily over the years and this has great consequences on the environment. If this trend continues unchecked as a result of global warming, residents will continue to experience flood unless the government build more drainages and ensure that existing drainages are free from dirt to enhance proper channeling and free flow of water in the event of rainfall.

Published
2020-10-03
Section
ARTICLES