ALUMINIUM-COPPER-CULLET METAL COMPOSITE: A SECONDARY SOURCE OF ALUMINIUM FROM WASTE MATERIALS

  • N.A. Hussain Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Bauchi State University, PMB 065, Gadau,
  • S.S. Jikan Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Johor,
  • N. Badarulzaman Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Johor,
  • Z.M. Dagaci Department of Chemistry, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State,

Abstract

In this work, Aluminium composites were fabricated from recycled materials, using recycled Aluminium (Al) obtained from scrap door and window frames, copper (Cu) wire scrap and cullet powder (CP). The Al-Cu-CP metal composite was fabricated via stir casting method due to its simplicity and economic importance. The composite and the unreinforced Al were analysed for physical, mechanical and morphological properties. The analyses indicated that the chemical composition of the products covered all the initial components. The results of hardness tests were found to have improved significantly due to the impact of the reinforcement materials. The hardness increased from 40.625 HV of the unreinforced Al to 124.704 HV for Al-Cu-CP metal composite. The microstructural analysis of the composite revealed appreciable distribution of the reinforcement materials within the Al matrix. Evolution of new phases was also revealed which furthermore contributed immensely towards enhancing the strength of the composite. It is obvious that the properties of the Al-Cu-CP composite were relatively enhanced significantly. Thus, it could be used where high strength with less density composite is required such as automobile brake shoes and brake disc as a result of the upgraded mechanical properties.

Published
2021-07-17
Section
ARTICLES