COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SCHISTOSOMA HEAMATOBIUM BETWEEN KUDOGI AND DOKOMBA VILLAGES IN LAVUN LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
Urinary schistosomiasis is a human disease cause by trematodes (fluke) of genus schistosoma and species Schistosoma heamatobium. The prevalence study of urinary schistosomiasis was carried out to determine the incidence of the organism between the two villages of Lavun local government area of Niger state. A total of 259 urine samples were collected from the two villages of which 78 are from Dokomba and 181 are from Kudogi. Sedimentation technique was used for laboratory analysis of the urine samples. Sediment from each sample was placed on a clean slide and observed under light microscope. The overall prevalence percentage of Schistosoma heamatobium in both villages is 66.9%. The prevalence percentage from the two villages shows slight differences, that is 67.9% from Dokomba and 66.4% from Kudogi. The result also shows that Dokomba account for 55% of the eggs from the infected participant while Kudogi account for 44.8%. The gender analysis shows that male are more infected from the two villages with a prevalence percentage of 67.4% and that of female is 65.2. 80% of the eggs are from male while only 19.9% are from female. The study revealed that participant within the age group of 6-11 has higher prevalence of 72.9 and intensity of 50% and closely followed by age group of 12-19 with 70.9% prevalence and 23.2% intensity. The age group 20-35 has lowest prevalence of 56.4% while age group 36 and above have least intensity. From the prevalence percentage, the study revealed high incidence of the pathogens in the two villages with Dokomba slightly account for higher percentages hence the need for mass chemotherapy and provision of social amenities in the two villages.